How to Check Hard Drive Error
Table of Contents

A hard drive is an essential component of any computer system, as it stores all the data and software necessary for its functioning. However, like any electronic device, HDDs are prone to errors and failures, which can cause data loss and system crashes. In this article, our team will explore common hard drive errors on Windows 10, their reasons, and how to fix them.

Reasons for Hard Drive Errors

Physical Damage

Physical damage can occur due to impact, excessive heat, or moisture. This can cause bad sectors, clicking noise, and other hard drive errors.

Improper Shutdowns

Improper shutdowns can occur due to power outages, hardware malfunctions, or software crashes. This can cause file system corruption or disk errors.

Software Conflicts

Software conflicts can occur due to outdated drivers, incompatible software, or malware. This can cause file system corruption, disk errors, and other hard drive errors.

Virus Attacks

Virus attacks can occur due to infected files, email attachments, or malicious websites. This can cause file system corruption, disk errors, and other hard drive errors.

How to Check Hard Drive for Errors

Checking for hard disk errors on Windows 10 is important to ensure the health and performance of your computer’s storage. Here is how to do it:


Open File Explorer

To get started, open File Explorer by pressing the Windows key + E on your keyboard or by clicking on the File Explorer icon.


Locate Your Hard Disk Drive

In the left-hand panel of File Explorer, locate your hard disk drive under “This PC” or “Computer.” Right-click on the drive and select “Properties” from the drop-down menu.

Properties of Hard Drive

Check for Errors

In the Properties window, click on the “Tools” tab and then click on the “Check” button under the “Error checking” section.


Run a Scan

In the next window, click on the “Scan drive” button to start the scan. This will check for any errors on your hard disk and attempt to fix them.

If a message that says, “You don’t need to scan this drive,” shows up, it means that Windows has not detected any errors on your hard disk.


Wait for the Scan to Complete

The scan may take some time to finalize, depending on the size of your hard disk and the amount of data on it. During the scan, you can continue to use your computer, but it may slow down slightly due to the increased load on your hard disk.


View the Results

Once the hard drive scan is complete, you will see a message telling you whether errors were found and fixed. You can also click the “View detailed information” link to see a scan results log.


Schedule Future Scans

To schedule future scans, click on the “Schedule disk check” button in the Properties window. This will allow you to select the frequency of scans and whether you want Windows to fix errors automatically.

Fix Hard Disk Errors with PITS

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If you have lost your important data due to hard drive failure or corruption, PITS Global Data Recovery Services is here to help. Our team of engineers is dedicated to providing you with a reliable and cost-effective solution for your data recovery needs. Contact us today for a risk-free evaluation of your hard drive, and let us help you recover your lost data.

Frequently Asked Questions

Common signs of hard drive errors include slow performance, frequent crashes or freezes, files failing to open or disappear, and the infamous blue screen of death on Windows devices. Sounds such as clicking or grinding can also indicate a physical problem with the drive.

In Windows 10, you can check hard drive errors by using the Check Disk utility. Open ‘This PC,’ right-click the hard drive you want to check, choose ‘Properties,’ go to the ‘Tools’ tab, and click ‘Check’ under Error checking.

  • Signs that your HDD may be corrupted include:
  • An inability to access files.
  • Frequent errors while trying to open or move files.
  • Unusual noises coming from the drive.

If your computer also takes a longer time to start up or if applications crash more frequently, these could further indicate HDD corruption.

It’s recommended to check your hard drive for errors every few months as part of regular maintenance. If your hard drive is older or your computer has been jostled or dropped, you should check it more frequently.

To check an HDD for bad sectors, utilize the built-in Windows tool called Check Disk (CHKDSK). To run it, open Command Prompt as an admin, then type `chkdsk /r` + drive letter. This process can take some time as it scans for both logical errors and bad sectors, attempting to fix any issues it finds.